Wednesday, April 16, 2014
     

Home Disaster Kit

Being able to survive after a disaster means having your own food, water and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least 3 days. A disaster supplies kit is a collection of basic items that members of a household may need in the even of a disaster. Since you do not know where you will be when a disaster occurs, kits should be prepared for home, work and car.

Home:

  1. Your disaster supplies kit should contain essential food, water, and supplies for at least 3 days.
  2. Keep this kit in a designated place and have it ready in case you to leave your home quickly. Make sure all family members know where the kit is kept.
  3. Additionally, you may want to consider having supplies for sheltering for up to 2 weeks.

Work:

  1. This kit should be in one container, and ready to "grab and go" in case you are evacuated from your workplace.
  2. Make sure you have food and water in the kit. Also, be sure to have comfortable walking shoes at your workplace in case an evacuation requires walking long distances.

Car:

  1. In case you are stranded, keep a kit of emergency supplies in your car.
  2. This kit should contain food, water, first aid supplies, flares, jumper cables, and seasonal supplies.

Basic Disaster Supplies Kit

The following items are recommended for inclusion in your basic disaster supplies kit:

  • 3 day supply of non-perishable food
  • 3 day supply of water - one gallon of water per person, per day
  • Portable, battery-powered radio or television and extra batteries
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • First aid kit and manual
  • Sanitation and hygiene items (moist towelettes and toilet paper)
  • Matches and waterproof container
  • Whistle
  • Extra clothing
  • Kitchen accessories and cooking utensils, including a can opener
  • Photocopies of credit and identification cards
  • Cash and coins
  • Special needs items, such as prescription medications, eye glasses, contact lens solutions, and hearing aid batteries
  • Items for infants, such as formula, diapers, bottles, and pacifiers
  • Other items to meet your unique family needs

If you live in a cold climate, you must think about warmth. It is possible that you will not have heat. Think about your clothing and bedding supplies. Be sure to include one complete change of clothing ad shoes per person, including:

  • Jacket or coat
  • Long pants
  • Long sleeve shirt
  • Sturdy shoes
  • Hat, mittens, and scarf
  • Sleeping bag or wam blanket (per person)

Additionally, in determining adequate quantities, take the following into account:

  • Individual needs vary, depending on age, physical condition, activity, diet, and climate
  • Children, nursing mothers, and ill people need more water
  • Very hot tempatures can double the amount of water needed
  • A medical emergency might required additional water

For additional information, go to:
http://www.fema.gov/pdf/areyouready/areyouready_full.pdf